Bodhgaya

Poutham

 

Overview

Bodhgaya is located at Patna, central Bihar State on the banks of the Niranjana River. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a Buddhist temple. One of the oldest brick temples in India, The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is one of the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha, and particularly to the attainment of Enlightenment. The first temple was built by Emperor Asoka in the 3rd century B.C., and the present temple dates from the 5th or 6th centuries. It is one of the earliest Buddhist temples built entirely in brick, still standing in India, from the late Gupta period.
 
The sacred Bodhi tree stands to the west of the above temple. It is known as the pipal tree in India. It is believed that this tree is the direct descendant of the original tree under which Lord Buddha meditated.
 
Siddhartha Gautama, a young prince who saw the suffering of the world and wanted to end it, reached the forested banks of the Phalgu river, near the city of Gaya, India. There he sat in meditation under a peepul tree, which later became known as the Bodhi tree. According to Buddhist scriptures, after three days and three nights, Siddharta attained enlightenment and the answers that he had sought. In that location, Mahabodhi Temple was built by Emperor Ashoka in around 260 BC.
 
Temple relate to the traditions surrounding these seven weeks:
The first week was spent under the Bodhi tree. During the second week, the Buddha remained standing and stared, uninterrupted, at the Bodhi tree. This spot is marked by the Animeshlocha Stupa, that is, the unblinking stupa or shrine, which is located on the north-east of the Mahabodhi Temple complex. There stands a statue of Buddha with his eyes fixed towards the Bodhi tree. The Buddha is said to have walked back and forth between the location of the Animeshlocha Stupa and the Bodhi tree. According to legend, lotus flowers sprung up along this route, it is now called Ratnachakrama or the jewel walk. He spent the fourth week near Ratnagar Chaitya, located near north - east side. During the fifth week, Buddha answered in details to the queries of Brahmins under Ajapala Nigodh tree, now marked by a pillar.
He spent the sixth week next to Lotus pond. He spent the seventh week under Rajyatna tree.
 
Mahabodhi Temple is constructed of brick and is one of the oldest brick structures to have survived in eastern India. It is considered to be a fine example of Indian brickwork, and was highly influential in the development of later architectural traditions. According to UNESCO, "the present temple is one of the earliest and most imposing structures built entirely in brick from Gupta period". Mahabodhi Temple's central tower rises 55 metres, and were heavily renovated in the 19th century. The central tower is surrounded by four smaller towers, constructed in the same style.
 
The Mahabodhi Temple is surrounded on all four sides by stone railings, about two metres high. The railings reveal two distinct types, both in style as well as the materials used. The older ones, made of sandstone, date to about 150 BCE, and the others, constructed from unpolished coarse granite, are believed to be of the Gupta period. The older railings have scenes such as Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth, being bathed by elephants; and Surya, the Hindu sun god, riding a chariot drawn by four horses. The newer railings have figures of stupas  and garudas (eagles). Images of lotus flowers also appear commonly. Images of the site include Avalokite?vara, Vajrapani, Tara, Marichi, Yamantaka, Jambhala and Vajrav?r?h?. Images of Vishnu, Shiva, Surya and other Vedic deities are also associated with the site.
 
Festivals,
Buddha Jayanti : Vaisakh Full moon day 
Kathina Civra Dana : October month 
Ambedkar Jayanti : 14th April 
Monlam Puja & Peace ceremony : November to February. 
Bauddha Mahotsava : 4-6th February
 
Temple Timing: 5:00 a.m to 12:00 p.m and 4:00 p.m to 9:00 p.m
 
Best Season: October to March.
 
How to Reach,
 
Road Way:  Regular direct bus services are available from Gaya, Patna, Nalanda, Rajgir, Varanasi. Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation run buses from Patna- Bodhgaya route twice a day. Taxis, Tongas, Auto Rickshaws, Cycle Rickshaws are available.
 
Nearest Railway Station: Gaya Jn
 
Nearest Airport: Gaya  Patna

Location

Country
India
State
Bihar
City
Gaya
Location
Bodhgaya
Address
Mahabodhi Temple or Bodhgaya, Gaya, Bihar 824231
Contact Info
Phone: 0091-631 - 2200
Mobile :
Fax : 0091-631 - 2200
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Bodhgaya, Gaya
Nearest Railway Station
Gaya Jn (GAYA)
Nearest Airport
Gaya Airport
NE
latitude : 11.883000370 longitude :3.433000088
Corporation : Gaya
GPS Code : DRRG
Open Year
260 BC
Area
4.8-hectare
Architect
Architecture of India
Dedicated To
Ashoka
Visiting Hours
5:00 a.m to 12:00 p.m and 4:00 p.m to 9:00 p.m

Nearest Places

  • Bodhgaya is located at Patna, central Bihar State on the banks of the Niranjana River. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a Buddhist temple. One of the oldest brick temples in India, The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is one of the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha, and particularly to the attainment of Enlightenment. The first temple was built by Emperor Asoka in the 3rd century B.C., and the present temple dates from the

  • Vishnupad Mandir Gaya is located in Gaya which is 100 kms away from Patna, the capital of Bihar. Dedicated to Lord vishnu. Gaya was historically a part of ancient Magadh Empire. Whole of the city is located along the river Phalgu.

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