Palitana temples

Jain

 

Overview

The Palitana temples  is located in the western Indian state of Gujarat, 51 km south west of Bhavnagar. This pilgrimage is a part of the Hindu and Jain consciousness, which is why many of their holiest temples are located along hills and mountain ranges. The Jains have five separate hill locations for their holiest clusters of temples and Shatrunjaya Hill, Adinath Palitana is considered the most important among them. 
 
The ancient name of the city of  Palitana was Padliptapur. In olden times this mountain was also called Pundarikgiri. Palitana is a city of temples. Worshippers come to Palitana, take a bath in the river, bow down to the 99 idols and cross the ocean of re-births.
 
Palitana India houses perhaps the largest cluster of Jain temples anywhere. From the base to the peak of the Shatrunjaya Hill, where the Palitana temples are located, there are in all 863 temples. These temples were built in two phases-the 11th and 12th centuries as a part of the resurgence of temple building all over India, and in the 16th century. Some of the earliest temples built in the 11th century were destroyed by Muslim invaders in the 14th and 15th centuries. The current temples date back to 16th century onwards. Not any one person or group was responsible for the construction of these magnificent temples.
 
The temples are exquisitely carved in marble, veritable prayers in stone. To an observer, these appear to be ivory miniatures when seen from a distance. Created by master craftsmen, the most important temple is that of the first teerthankara, Shri Adishwar. It has ornate architectural motifs, though in its overall plan it is simpler than the Choumukh. Other notable temples are those of Kumarpal, Vimalshah and Sampriti Raja. Kumarpal Solanki, a great Jain patron, probably built the earliest temple. The temple has a fabulous collection of jewels, and these can be seen with special permission. The temples date from 11th to the 20th century. 
 
The main temple at the top contains his idol in padmasan. He belonged to the Ikshvaku Dynasty of Ayodhya. So Rama was his ancestor. Adinath visited the Shatrunjay Hill 93 times. 
 
The most famous temples are those of Adinath, Kumarpal, Vimalshah, Samprati Raja and the Chomukh which is the highest. Besides there are temples dedicated to Hindu gods and goddesses like Saraswati, Shivji, Hanumanji, etc. The Saraswati temple is near the foot of the hill. Angar Pir's shrine is situated at the top of the hill. Barren women pray for children at the Muslim saint's shrine.
 
Temple Timing : 6:00am to 9: pm
 
How To Reach,
 
Road Way : There are hourly buses for Bhavnagar to Palitana. Regular buses are also available for Ahmedabad, Taxis are also available on hire for Palitana from Bhavnagar.
 
Nearest Railway Station : Palitana 
 
Nearest Airport :  Bhavnagar 

Location

Country
India
State
Gujarat
City
Bhavnagar
Location
Palitana
Address
Palitana temples, Palitana, Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India
Contact Info
Phone:
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Palitana temples, Palitana
Nearest Railway Station
Nearest Airport
Bhavnagar Airport
IN
latitude : 21.752199170 longitude :72.185203550
Corporation : Bhavnagar
GPS Code : VABV
Visiting Hours
6:00am to 9:00pm

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  • The Palitana temples  is located in the western Indian state of Gujarat, 51 km south west of Bhavnagar. This pilgrimage is a part of the Hindu and Jain consciousness, which is why many of their holiest temples are located along hills and mountain ranges. The Jains have five separate hill locations for their holiest clusters of temples and Shatrunjaya Hill, Adinath Palitana is considered the most important among them. 

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