Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary

Scenic Spot

 

Overview

Gir as wildlife sanctuary on 18th September, 1965 in order to conserve the Asiatic Lion. It covers total area of 1412 square kilometers of which 258 Km forms the core area of the National Park. Gir is the only natural habitat of world popular Asiatic Lions.  Rare Asiatic Lions coupled with thousands of other elusive wild animals and hard-to-find birds like uncommon Asiatic wild ass, hyenas, Gir foxes, pygmy woodpecker, brown fish owl and black buck etc, This constitutes the Gir forest, which falls mainly within Junagadh district with a small portion in the Amreli district.
 
The forest area of Gir were the hunting grounds of the Nawabs of Junagadh. However, faced with a drastic drop in the lion population in Gir, Nawab Sir Muhammad Rasul Khanji Babi declared Gir as a protected area in 1900. His son, Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khan III  later assisted in the conservation of the lions whose population had plummeted to only 20 through slaughter for trophy hunting.
 
The largest compact tract of dry deciduous forest in the country, protected as Gir National Park and Sanctuary. The area of  1,412 km²Gir National Park - 258.71 sq.km. and Gir Wildlife Sanctuary - 1153.4 sq.km.The count of 2,375 distinct fauna species of Gir includes about 38 species of mammals, around 300 species of birds, 37 species of reptiles and more than 2,000 species of insects.
 
The carnivores group mainly comprises Asiatic lions, Indian leopards, Indian cobras, jungle cats, striped hyenas, golden jackals, Indian mongoose, Indian palm civets, and honey badgers. Desert cats and rusty-spotted cats occur but are rarely seen.The main herbivores of Gir are chital, nilgai, sambar, four-horned antelope, chinkara and wild boar. Blackbucks from the surrounding area are sometimes seen in the sanctuary.
 
Among the smaller mammals, porcupine and hare are common, but the pangolin is rare. The reptiles are represented by the marsh crocodile hir tortoise and the monitor lizard in the water areas of the sanctuary. Snakes are found in the bushes and forest. Pythons are sighted at times along the stream banks. Gir has been used by the Gujarat State Forest Department which adopted the Indian Crocodile Conservation Project in 1977 and released close to 1000 marsh crocodiles reared in Gir rearing centre into the Kamaleshwar lake and other reservoirs and small water bodies in and around Gir.
 
The plentiful avifauna population has more than 300 species of birds, most of which are resident. The scavenger group of birds has 6 recorded species of vultures. Some of the typical species of Gir include crested serpent eagle, endangered Bonelli's eagle, crested hawk-eagle, brown fish owl, Indian eagle-owl, rock bush-quail, Indian peafowl, pygmy woodpecker, black-headed oriole, crested treeswift and Indian pitta. The Indian grey hornbill was not found from the last census of 2001.
 
The continuous forest, which covers a large tract, plays a pivotal role in keeping the climate moderate and also keeps the salinity levels at a low on the southern coast of Saurashtra. Gir is essential to life in Gujarat. It helps in the smooth running of several ecological activities. Gir forms a part of the south central highlands in Saurashtra and is a catchment of important rivers like Shetrunji, Hiran, Saraswati, Shingoda, Machhundri, Raval and Datardi. The forest helps recharge the water table due to infiltration and percolation in conjunction with soil and moisture conservation. Thus, Gir is a boon to farmers inhabiting the peripheral environs; it ensures sustained agricultural and horticultural production. Not to mention, the forest has great potential to be a centre for creating environmental awareness and imparting nature education.
 
Forest Timing : 6 am to 12 noon and 3 pm to 6 pm
 
Forest visit is closed from 16th June to 15th Oct every year.
 
Devalia Safari Park remains closed on every Wedensday.
 
Entrance Fees,
 
Normal Day, 
Indian (Up to 6 persons) : 800 INR - Extra Child - 100
Foreigner (Up to 6 persons) : 4800 INR - Extra Child - 1200 
 
Saturday-Sunday and Festival Days,
Indian (Up to 6 persons) : 1000 - Extra Child - 125
Foreigner (Up to 6 persons) : 6000  - Extra Child - 1500 
 
Only one child between 3 to 12 years will be allowed.
 
How to Reach,
Road Way : State transport buses make the two hour trip between Junagadh and Veraval via Sasan Gir, at least four times a day. 
A number of state highways connect to Gir:
From Junagadh - Junagadh - Medharda - Talala
Junagadh - Visavadar
 
Nearest Railway Station : Sasan Gir Railway Station
Nearest airport : Keshod Airport 
 

Location

Country
India
State
Gujarat
City
Junagadh
Location
Sardargadh
Address
Gir Forest National Park,Junagadh,Gujarat-362 001
Contact Info
Phone:
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Gir Forest National Park,Junagadh
Nearest Railway Station
Sasan Gir (SASG)
Nearest Airport
Keshod Airport
IN
latitude : 21.317100520 longitude :70.270401000
Corporation :
GPS Code : VAKS
Open Year
1965
Area
1,412 km²
Visiting Hours
6 am to 12 noon and 3 pm to 6 pm

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  • Gir as wildlife sanctuary on 18th September, 1965 in order to conserve the Asiatic Lion. It covers total area of 1412 square kilometers of which 258 Km forms the core area of the National Park. Gir is the only natural habitat of world popular Asiatic Lions.  Rare Asiatic Lions coupled with thousands of other elusive wild animals and hard-to-find birds like uncommon Asiatic wild ass, hyenas, Gir foxes, pygmy woodpecker, brown fish owl and black

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