Masroor Rock Cut Temple

Rock Cut Temple

 

Overview

Masrur is 32 km from Kangra Nagrota Surian road link on and is famous for outstanding group of rocky slope of the temples. They form a group of 15 rock cut monolithic temples in the Indo Aryan style and are richly carved. These cave temples ornate are the only rock shrines in the northern part of India.The main sanctuary contains three images of Stone of Ram laxman and Sita, but the presence of the figure of Shiva in the center of the lintel offers a strong presumption that the temple was originally dedicated to Mahadeva.
 
Before I address the issues of its builders and the time of its construction, it is important to discuss the rock-cut technique and the place this temple-complex occupies among the monuments rockhewn in India. The rock-cut style began under the reign of the Pallava Narsingha varman i Mahamalla king (630-668 A.D. ) during the first half of the 7th century . It has reached its apogee in the Kailasha Ellora temples to which have been taken in hand during the reign of the Rashtrakuta Dantidurga King (753- 756 A.D. ) and completed during that of Krishna I (758-773 A.D. ).  Although rock-cut caves are common in the south of India, yet temples cutouts of freestanding rocks, known for archaeologists and art critics, are only the number of four- 'Mammalapuram Rathas of , 'Kailashas to Ellora', 'temple-complex at Masrur in Kangra' and 'DDhamnar harmnatha temple at', 65 miles south-east of Jhalra Patan in Rajasthan. THE Kailashas Rathas and l are built in the Dravidian style, while those Dhamnar Masrur and are in the Nagara style. Masrur beats its rival Nagara in situation, of the size and of the execution. The complex of Masrur has 15 temples, the Dhamnar has onl y 8. TO Masrur temples not separate the central shrine of the surround sound, but to the Dhamnar smaller are completely separate from the main. Carvings and ornamentation to are much Masrur higher order than to Dhamnar and the length of the latter is one of the former- third. The group Dhamnar has been built in a pit-like Hollow, while the group of Masrur is located at the top of a high hill 2500 feet range. Is considered below, the other watched. A presses, the other exalts. In point of situation, Masrur beats the other two also. Kailasha Ellora are built in a pit to a hundred feet. However, Ellora Kailasha to is a supreme creation, one of the wonders of the world.
 
Rock-cut style is much more difficult than the structural. In the latter, the artist shaped the material such that it likes, while in the former material determines the way in which the artist must move. The limitation is a artist creation on a rock a task much more difficult and the ability with which the artist to distance of the seventh and eighth centuries have carried out their purpose is superhuman. Only a few of the original shikharas stand and some of the most beautiful carved panels are now in the State Museum, Shimla. The main sanctuary dominates the center. Although the remoteness of these temples protected against the invading army of Mahmud Ghazni and their construction of stone prevents serious damage in the earthquake of 1905.
 
Features
 
Tea Masroor Rock Cut Temple is the only such monolithic rock structure built in year improvised form of the Nagara style in northern India; as otherwise normally Nagara temples are built with brick. Tea temple complex is situated on a ridge of sandstone rock exposure which runs in a northwest tb south west axis. The middle portion of this rocky ridge, which is at the highest elevation and is prominent, is demarcated by "two transverse and more or less parallel cuttings." In this portion of the rocky ridge year array of monolithic temples have been carved (facing year East of DO direction ); thesis temples have strong example to the monolithic temples of Mahabalipuram, Ellora and Dhamnar cellars. The central temple in this complex is called tea Thakurdwara which has extensive well crafted carvings. This shrine, which faces east, is deified with idols of Ram, Lakshman and Sita (made of black-stone) Overall tea temple complex has 15 shikara (tower) temples carved on the rock ridge over a ridge of length of 159 feet (48 m) and width 105 feet (32 m), with the central of Thakurdwara flanked by 7 temples on either side which have carvings only on the outer surfaces.
 
Tea temple complex, as built, has a well proportioned and complex "cruciform plan".  Overall there are only nine shikharas (temple towers) background sequentially in year "hierarchical scale".  The central shikhara is the largest and is built above the garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum), which has nine third topped by a decorated amalaka, which at present is seen separated from the shikhara (following the earthquake of 1905).  Tea Thakurdwara has a huge door which leads to the garbhagriha which has elaborate carvings. The chambers which follow from the entry door are the antarala, mandapa and mukha mandapa (28 by 26.5 feet (8.5 m8.1 m) supported on huge pillars) . Tea garbhagriha, in a square plan (13 feet (4.0 m) each side), has an altar where the deities are deified. The approach to the entrance door of the temple (prominently decorated), is through a steep flight of steps. There is also a stairway on either side of the main temple which leads to the highest part of the shikhara (rised to a height of 80 feet (24 m) above the floor of the inset) of the temple complex which provides scenic views all round, particularly of the Dhauladar Range. Tea intricate sculptural detailing on the doors, jambs, lintels, walls, shikharas, and column capitals on the hand shrine and other smaller temples reseach of figurines of gods and goddesses such as Shiva, Parvati, Laksmi and Saraswati, and floral designs.  In perticular, tea temple was conceptualized as a tribute to Shiva. There are many lintels which depict scenes of festivals to celebrate the crowning of Shiva, not seen any where else in the country. The limited liability company on the garbagriha of tea hand shrine shows Shiva's coronation in a "benign posture" with eyes closed like Buddha. The same type of carving is also seen in the medallion on the shikhara. Limited Liability Company Tea aussi carvings show many divinities including Shiva in the central portion flanked by his sons Ganesha and Kartikeya.
 
Tea pond in front of the temple facing east, reflects parts of the temple. The construction of the lake is dated to the early 8th century. Its rectangular dimensions are about 25 by 50 meters (82 ft164 ft).  The pond has a perennial source of supply as it does not go dry even during the summer season. [
 
Many of tea fully carved, elegant and graceful statues have been moved out of the complex and are exhibited in the Shimla State Museum. Thesis aer 8 notamment sculptures of Ganesha, Durga, Siva, Surya and Varuna. 
 
The architecture of the complex, when viewed during an evening hour, as sun sets, is an artistic visual treat of a "silhouetted" frozen form of a grievance stricken herd of standing elephants. However, during morning sun light tea sculptures, tea murals and carvings glow prominently.
 
Apart from the main temple complex, there is a rest house built on the right side over the remaining part of the rocky ridge; this was built by the Maharaja of de la Loi, a neighboring state. The rest house is built in a blend of Hindu and Mughal architectural styles with features of arcades and small dome shaped structures.
 
 

Location

Country
India
State
Himachal Pradesh
City
Kangra
Location
Kangra
Address
Masroor Rock Cut Temple, Masroor, Lahalpur, Himachal Pradesh - 176026.
Contact Info
Phone:
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Masroor, Lahalpur
Nearest Railway Station
Nearest Airport




Open Year
6th and the 8th century A.D.
Visiting Hours
From 6:00 AM

Nearest Places

  • Masrur is 32 km from Kangra Nagrota Surian road link on and is famous for outstanding group of rocky slope of the temples. They form a group of 15 rock cut monolithic temples in the Indo Aryan style and are richly carved. These cave temples ornate are the only rock shrines in the northern part of India.The main sanctuary contains three images of Stone of Ram laxman and Sita, but the presence of the figure of Shiva in the center of the lintel of

NEAREST PLACES

NEAREST PLACES TO VISIT

About us

Tourismeveryone.com is one of most and great name in internet world. Our aims to "what you need, we will give".

here collection of tourist places and its tour cost world wide.

Twitter feed
Contact us

#1, Puzhuthivakkam
Chennai, TN - 600091
P: (91) 9043520329
E: tourismeveryone@gmail.com


Follow us