Edakkal Caves

Scenic Spot

 

Overview

Edakkal Caves are situated about 16 km from Sulthan Bathery and tourists have to trek up the Ambukuthi Hill to reach the caves. The trek up the hill, peppered with coffee plantations, is worth an experience and it takes almost 45 minutes to climb the hill.  The lush greenery and scenic landscape around and the cool breeze that carries the aroma of coffee will surely make your journey an unforgettable one. 
 
The discovery of the caves dates back to 1895 and it is associated with the then Superintendent of Police of Malabar District, Fred Fawcett.  
 
The name of Edakkal Caves literally means `a stone in between’. As the name indicates, it seems that one boulder miraculously wedged in between two bigger ones to create a cave.. It is a fissure in the rocks which had been created due to natural changing climatic conditions. The split in the rock is about 22 ft. in width and 96 ft. in length. The depth of the cleft extends to over 30 ft and there is a large rock which has fallen forming a roof over it and this large cleft and the roof-rock gives it the appearance of a cave. 
Three distinct sets of petroglyphs can be seen in the caves and some depictions are as old as 7000 years. Edakkal is the only known place for stone age carvings in South India.  The carvings belonging to Neolithic and Mesolithic Age include ancient stone scripts, ancient weaponry figures, symbols, figures of various animals and human beings etc. 
 
The rock surface is full of linear motifs and one can see weird shaped figures, crosses, triangles, tridents, squares, stars, wheels, spirals, plant motifs, pot shaped items, various animals and human figures.  Many of the human figures have raised hair, some have masked faces and all these figures are eye-catching and have archaeological significance. Apart from these pictorial carvings, ancient inscriptions including a Tamil Brahmi script have been identified from the caves. 
 
Images of a tribal king, a queen, a child, a deer and an elephant can be seen on the wall. A human figure with headgear, another on a wheeled cart and some male and female figures too can be seen.  There are images of tools used by earlier human beings and many other symbols which suggest the presence of pre historic men. 

Location

Country
India
State
Kerala
City
Wayanad
Location
Kalpetta
Address
Edakkal Caves, Kalpetta, Wayanad district, Kerala - 673592.
Contact Info
Phone:
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Edakkal Caves, Sulthan Bathery.
Nearest Railway Station
Kozhikode (Calicut) (CLT)
Nearest Airport
Calicut International Airport
IN
latitude : 11.136799810 longitude :75.955299380
Corporation : Calicut
GPS Code : VOCL
Open Year
1890
Dedicated To
Fred Fawcett
Visiting Hours
All days of the week : 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM.

Nearest Places

  • Thirunelli Temple is one of the most ancient temples. Dedicated to Lord Maha Vishnu  on the side of Brahmagiri hill in Kerala.Thirunelli Temple is the only temple in the world where the devotees can perform all the rituals related to one’s life, starting from birth to death and life after death.

  • Edakkal Caves are situated about 16 km from Sulthan Bathery and tourists have to trek up the Ambukuthi Hill to reach the caves. The trek up the hill, peppered with coffee plantations, is worth an experience and it takes almost 45 minutes to climb the hill.  The lush greenery and scenic landscape around and the cool breeze that carries the aroma of coffee will surely make your journey an unforgettable one. 

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