Jantar Mantar

 

Overview

 Jantar Mantar of Jaipur, Rajasthan near City Palace and Hawa Mahal of Jaipur.Largest Stone Astronomical Observatory in the World.  Is an astronomical observation site built in the early 18th century.The Jantar Mantar Observatory was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, as a focal point of his new capital, Jaipur, the first and earliest geometrically planned city in India. Jai Singh II was one of several powerful princes rising to power as the influence of the Mughal Empire decreased. In his attempt to become an almost independent ruler of Rajasthan, he started to build a new capital underlining the link between scientific capacities, urban planning and social control. The construction of the observatory site started in the 1720s and was completed in 1738. the Jantar Mantar is the name given to a series of five, magnificent structures built in Jaipur, New Delhi, Ujjan, Varanasi and Mathura. The Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is considered to be the largest of the five observatories and also houses the world's largest sundial. The Universe and the Cosmos have always been of interest to man, and it was this interest that compelled the Maharaja to build an astronomical observatory. The term 'Jantar Mantar' is derived from the Sanskrit terms 'Yantra' and 'Mantra' meaning 'instruments' and 'formula' respectively. The term 'Yantra' was replaced with 'Jantar' which means 'magical'. The Jantar Mantar houses various architectural and astrological instruments that have caught the interests of astronomers, historians and architects around the world.
Maharaja Jai Singh II, the founder of the 'pink city', was a great scholar and an avid astrologer. He studied philosophy, astrology, architecture and religion in various schools, and was also well versed with universal mathematical concepts such as Euclid's Clements, Ptolemy's Syntaxes and the Master works of Aryabhatta. In the year 1718, he wanted to construct an observatory of renown. For this, he studied the subject of astronomy and then built five different observatories around North India. At these places, he would sit with other scholarly astronomers, such as Pt. Kedarnath, for astronomical observations. The 'Jantar Mantar' at Jaipur, being the biggest conservatory in the country, was renovated time and again and houses various instruments that offer precise measurements of time, the azimuth, declination of the sun and the positions of constellations, along with several other astronomical phenomena. The Jaipur observatory was functional for seven years only, as the Maharaja was not very successful in deriving accurate, astronomical observations.
Samrat Yantra consists of a massive triangle with a curved structure on both sides. The Samrat Yantra is a large sundial that looks like a triangular structure and is marked with hours and minutes. The arc at the left shows the time from sunrise to midday while the arc at the right side shows the time from midday to sunset. The time is read by observing where the shadow is sharpest at the time. The sundials have been constructed on latitude 27o north and to adjust the reading to the Indian standard Time (IST), one has to add anything between 1 minute 15 seconds to 32 minutes according to the time of year and solar position.
The Jantar Mantar of Jaipur was inscribed on the World Heritage List in July 2010 under criteria.
 
Best time to visit: October to March.
 
Timing:
All days of the week
9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
 
How to Reach,
 
Road:One can easily reach Jantar Mantar of Rajasthan from the city by taking local Buses, Rickshaws and Taxis .
 
Nearest Railway Station:Jaipur Jn.
 
Nearst Airport: Jaipur International Airport.
 
 

Location

Country
India
State
Rajasthan
City
Jaipur
Location
Jaipur.
Address
Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, Rajasthan.
Contact Info
Phone:
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
Nearest Railway Station
Jaipur Jn (JP)
Nearest Airport




Open Year
1738
Dedicated To
Maharaja Jai Sawai Singh
Visiting Hours
9:00 AM - 5:00 PM

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