Fort St. George

 

Overview

A gift of the St. George Fort along the shores of Bay of Bengal. Historically famous as White Town, founded in 1644 at the coastal city of Madras,The fort currently houses the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly and other official buildings. The fort is one of the 163 notified areas  in the state of Tamil Nadu. Chennirayarpattinam or Channapatnam, from a Vijayanagar chieftain named Damerla Chennappa Nayaka based in Chandragiri, where the Company began the construction of a harbour and a fort. The fort was completed on 23 April 1644, coinciding with St George's Day, celebrated in honour of the patron saint of England. The fort, hence christened Fort St George, faced the sea and some fishing villages, and it soon became the hub of merchant activity. It gave birth to a new settlement area called George Town, which grew to envelop the villages and led to the formation of the city of Madras. The Fort now serves as one of the administrative headquarters for the legislative assembly of Tamil Nadu state.
St. George Fort is divided into two sections: St. Mary's Church and the Fort Museum. St. Mary's Church enjoys the status of being one of the oldest surviving churches built by the British in India as well as the oldest Anglican Church on the land of India. This beautiful building, established in 1680 has stood the test of times and still holds the splendour of the yore. The tombstones in its graveyard are incomparable and are seen as the oldest one in India. Another fascinating structure here is the 150 ft tall Flagstaff, made entirely of teakwood. Though the original flagstaff is no more to be seen, its relics are still visible. The church is famously known as the 'Westminster Abbey of the East'.The King's Barracks was the biggest of them all spreading over 10,000 sq.meters. By 1783, the Fort was very much as it is today. The three-storied structure, housed the Governor's residence in the uppermost floor, with rooms for the Council in the lower ones. In 1714 a detached gallery of rooms was constructed, enclosing the central building into what was known as the Fort Square. In 1790 the Exchange building, now called the Fort Museum, was constructed. The fort museum showcases a host of artefact such as coins, medals, paintings, letters, etc, belonging to the colonial period. There is a banqueting hall in the premises of the fort, called Wellesley House, named after Richard Wellesley, the Governor-General of India. There is a 14.5 ft tall statue of Lord Cornwall is in front of the museum, which is an art masterpiece. Today, the building is more of a mansion where the Tamil Nadu Government's administrative branches and legislative assembly are housed. Near the Museum's Southern end, and overlook in its cannon is the cornwallis Cupola, which originally stood in the Parade Ground. The Statue of the governor general, lord Cornwallis sculpted in 1800, shows him accepting the two young sons of Tipu Sultan as Hostages.
 
Timings of visit: 09.00 am to 5.00 pm.
Closed on - Friday.
 
Entrance Fee: 
For Indians: Rs. 5/-
For Others: US $ 2 or Rs. 100/- 
(Children up to 15 years free) 

Location

Country
India
State
Tamil Nadu
City
Chennai
Location
Fort St George
Address
Fort St George, Rajaji Salai, Fort St George, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600009.
Contact Info
Phone:
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Rajaji Salai
Nearest Railway Station
Chennai Egmore (MS)
Nearest Airport
Chennai International Airport
IN
latitude : 12.990005490 longitude :80.169296260
Corporation : Chennai
GPS Code : VOMM
Open Year
1644
Area
10,000 sq.meters.
Dedicated To
British East India Company
Visiting Hours
9.00 am to 5.00 pm. Closed on - Friday.

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