St. Cathedral Of San Francisco Xavier Church Kottar

Roman Catholic

 

Overview

ST. CATHEDRAL OF SAN FRANCISCO XAVIER, Kottar
is a well-known fact that, next to Goa, where the incorrupt body of Saint Francis Xavier, St. Francis Xavier Cathedral, Kottar, in the south of the Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu, India, is the famous center of pilgrimage in honor of San Francisco Javier, the largest post apostolic missionary of the Church and patron of the missions.
 
Although thousands of pilgrims crowd is excavated through the year, more than five hundred thousand people (5,000,00 ) from all over Tamil Nadu and Kerala come to venerate the Saint during the ninth days prior to the fiesta,- November 24 to December 3.
 
Pilgrims from all walks of life and of creed visit the Cathedral of San Francisco Javier, Kottar, either to deliver your requests or to say thank you for the favors received through her intercession. Its intervention in favor of his devotees has been so powerful in this sanctuary, which has become almost proverbial that you formed in Tamil " Kettavaram tharum Kottattu Saveriar "Xavier of Kottar, (is) the giver of all favors".
 
KOTTAR
 
The Sanctuary of San Francisco Javier, as well as the ancient city of Kottar now in the municipality of Nagercoil, the administrative capital of the district of Kanyakumari, stories have been seconded. Kottar, the commercial and business center of Nagercoil, is on the bank of the river " Pazhayaru", where the river makes a bend, turning toward the south with the sea. Hence the name "Kottaru' in Tamil meaning is "in the bend of the river".  It is a city of importance in the first century of the Christian era when Ptolemy visited and gave him the name" Metropolis".  It is also worthy of mention in journey of the second century. Kottar, the capital of the south of the Venad United Kingdom, it was also a cosmopolitan city that welcomes people in its orbit of many castes and creeds. Among the many people in Kottar also there is a colony of Chavalakars, a relative of the Paravars Cape Comorin region. That is to teach and their counterparts in Manappadu area, their faith in the Christian life that Francis Xavier arrived in the south coast of Goa.
 
FRANCISCO JAVIER
 
In the year 1541, Francisco Javier (Francisco Yesu and Javier), began its journey from Lisbon in Portugal to India and arrived at Goa a year later. After a few months of missionary work in Goa, that left for the south coast. Shortly after arriving in Manappadu Thuthukudi in diocese, Francisco Javier began the missionary work in instructing and the strengthening of the faith. In 1544 Francisco Javier is often found in Travancore to protect and help the Christians of the Cape Comorin regions that were expelled from their homes by Vadugars. … 2 - 2 - under the leadership of Captain Vittal Rao, Vijayanagar army marched to capture the Venad United Kingdom. Pandian and Chola armies joined him. As the news of the parade reached the armies Badaga Kottar, people panicked and had to flee for their lives. Sensing the danger, Francisco Javier, who lives in a hut in Kottar, hastened to a raised area Vadasery in just two kilometers north of Kottar and was like a colossus holding a cross. Frightened by the sight of a holy man holding a cross, the withdrawal of the Saxon army in response to its council of not go forward. The origin of the Cathedral Church of Kottar starts here: Francisco Javier built a chapel to the Virgin in the land gifted by the King and is used to celebrate the Holy Mass. Of Kottar, path length and the width of the coastal region and to baptize the fishermen more than 10000 known as Arasars aka of Mukkuvars Puvar, now in the Archdiocese of Trivandrum in Kerala to Pallam.
 
KOTTAR Church
 
after the death of St. Francis Xavier in 1552, the Church of Kottar became a pilgrimage site for the peoples of the south. According to Father Andreas Vaz, charge of the mission of Cape Comorin-Kanyakumari - Rajakkamangalam, in 1616 there was a cross in Kottar, a pagan city, that the Chrisitans erected in honor of Father Francis Xavier and put his image and is commonly known as the Cross of the father, master Xavier. In the Tamil region is known as Saveriar Kurusady ( Monday X. II, p. 591) In the year 1660, there was a church dedicated to the conversion of St Paul in Kottar and P. Andreas Buseria S. J. , was the parish priest in charge (Monday xav. 1 P. 589).  The p. Buseria seems to have an image in either the Church or in the Kurusady-Cappella - near the Church. In fact, next to Goa, Kottar has been and is the most sacred shrine of San Francisco Javier. The p. Andreas Buserio S. J. used to celebrate the feast each year, the day of the death of Xavier and many Christians of the costa met to celebrate the feast.( M. X. II, p. 591).  Therefore, a pilgrimage to Kottar Church is not of recent origin. Has an uninterrupted history of more than 400 years. What attracted the people were the countless, as witnessed by the miracles that had taken place at Kottar. Many of these miracles are mentioned in the bull of Canonization published in 1623 by Pope Urban VIII. Very popular among the miracles, the mobilization to the life of a month-old baby who had died and was carried to the cemetery for burial. The parents full of faith in the name of the promised child Francisco, which intends to revive. Her great joy the boy returned to life and the fame of this miracle spread throughout the country. (Op.cit. , p. 716, 630, etc. ) another miracle attributed to the holy and accepted for his canonization refers to a fisherman inside, Perumal Panical, a poet and a professor who lived near Kottar Church. He knew well the catechism and ten years before the construction of the church made up of a poem in honor of the Santa Fe and Fr Nicholas Spinola, superior of the Jesuit College of Kollam. The p. Buserio tried in vain to convert it, thinking that he would be a ideal custodian and Kanakkapillai( chief) of the Church. ... 3 - 3 - In the course of time Perumal contracted the dreaded disease of leprosy and debilitated. In spite of the various treatments his condition is deteriorating day by day. In their desperation they knelt down in front of the image of San Francisco Javier praise in poems and apply the oil in the lamps burning in front of the sanctuary, all over his body. He began to recover soon and fully cured of leprosy. Christened as San Francisco, he was subsequently appointed Kanakkapillai( chief) of the church( Monday II, p. 590.61 ), the Church of San Francisco Javier in Kottar has enjoyed a great fame as a place of miracles from early times and it is no wonder, that attracts pilgrims from far and near all the years. Francisco Javier long before the canonization was known as Church of Xavier - Saveriar Kovil in Tamil, and after his canonization, the Church should have been rebuilt and dedicated to him. In the early 17th century, the supply of money and oil to the Church were so large that it was sufficient to maintain five other churches in the areas of the interior. But in the course of many wars that ravaged those parts of the country, the five churches were destroyed. But the Church of Kottar survived attacks due to the fact that it was not only Christians but also the Hindus that protect this place of pilgrimage.
 
SHRINE OF OUR LADY
 
The present vault Shrine of Our Lady, who is said to in the place where the chapel of Our Lady was built, and was erected in 1865 when the Church of Kottar was expanded and vaulted. It is very small, with enough space to install an altar in the enthroned an ancient statue of B. V. M. in a wood decrease. The floor of the Chapel is about two and a half meters below ground level, which testify to the antiquity of the spot and the attention to keep it open, excavated by the great saint. In fact, at the top of the forgotten there is a little angel with a displacement of the image with an inscription in Tamil language, "Come and worship in the place where your feet have touched, to all the pilgrims visiting the Shrine throughout the year and the massive crowd attending the feast celebration from November 24 to December 3, a starting point to visit and pray at the Shrine of the Virgin. The Bishops and the priests are very particular to celebrate Holy Mass at the Shrine. Many Hindu pilgrims, after your bath ritual, turn to the hermitage a certain number of times in the performance of their votes.
 
DEVASAHAYAM
 
The Martyr Church of San Francisco Javier acquired another glory when in 1752, the mortal remains of the martyr heroic Devasahayam were buried in his sanctuary. Neelakanda Pillai, an official of the court of King Marthanda Varma of Travancore, was converted to the Christian faith by the gentle efforts of the captured the Captain of the Dutch navy, E. B. De Lannoy, then the king's service. … 4 - 4 - Neelakanda Pillai was baptized as Devasahayam of Lazarus, by p. John the Baptist Putari S. J. in Vadakankulam. The king was very angry when I heard the news of his conversion and tried in vain to convince you that retrain. But Devasahayam was firm in his faith. Denounced as a traitor, Devasahayam suffered imprisonment and torture patiently for three long years. In the order of the King, was dragged to Katttadimalai in Aralvaimozhi, on the border between the Kingdoms Travancore and Pandya, and shot dead on 14 January 1752. His body was discovered by some Christians who brought him to Kottar to be buried in the sanctuary. The tomb of this heroic Servant of God, whose cause for canonization is progressing, it is also a place of pilgrimage.
 
ST. CATHEDRAL OF SAN FRANCISCO JAVIER De
 
Kurusady in the sixteenth century, the Church of the Conversion of St Paul, which later became the Church of San Francisco Javier, has undergone many reforms and additions. In 1865, the Church of Kotttar was expanded with the addition of Cross wings and the present sanctuary and vaulted. In the same year, the Shrine of Our Lady was renewed and vaulted. In 1930, thanks to the recommendation of the holy Bishop Aloysius Maria Benziger obsessive compulsive disorder of Kollam, the southern part of the diocese is bifurcated Kollam to form the new diocese of Kottar with Bishop Lorenzo Pereira as its first bishop. The Church of Saint Francis Xavier and the stewardship became the cathedral and the residence of the new bishop. Continued as episcopal residence until it was moved to its current location. In the year 1942, in commemoration of the fourth centenary of the arrival of San Francisco Javier in India, a beautiful tower was built for the Holy in the local cathedral, as well as the Grotto of the Virgin and a small sanctuary of San Ignacio, who had sent him to India. The beautiful statue that adorns the main altar is said to have been brought from Goa. There is also an important relic of the Saint, which is exposed to the veneration of the faithful during the holidays. The cathedral has acquired many styles of architectures. The old church, the Romanesque vaulting, extensions, and the foreign are gothic, while the fine stone Mandapam (Hall or atrium) in the front is purely Indian. The whole Church presents an imposing and pleasing appearance and an aspect of greatness.
 
FEAST OF SAN FRANCISCO JAVIER
 
the annual feast of St. Francis Xavier is held every year from November 24 - December 3, with great piety and fanfare. Each year the number of pilgrims increases by leaps and pounds and the District Administration declared a public holiday for the district of Kanyakumari, the December 3. It is one of the few Christian churches in India, which enjoys a public holiday declared by the secular government. … 5 - 5 - All the nine days of celebration are held by various groups of people of all faiths that include the employees of the government, teachers, traders and workers transport corporation etc. night ninth mass is followed by public meeting presided over by officials of the Government to distribute aid to the needy and the programs will conclude with music and dancing. One of the most prominent of the ten days of the celebration is the grand procession of cars the statues of the Virgin Mary and St Francis Xavier. The honor is always given to the Blessed Mother, and decorated with rich jewelry and ornaments, offered in thanks for the devotees. Men and women, including Hindus, lying prostrate in front of the cars in observance of their votes and the penance. The procession, a remnant of the Hindu custom, attracts thousands of people all the last three days of the

Location

Country
India
State
Tamil Nadu
City
Kanyakumari
Location
Suchindrum
Address
Contact Info
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Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
suchindrum
Nearest Railway Station
Nagercoil Jn (NCJ)
Nearest Airport
Trivandrum International Airport
IN
latitude : 8.482119560 longitude :76.920097350
Corporation : Trivandrum
GPS Code : VOTV

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