"Vailankanni" (meaning: Virgin of Velai, the city), also known under the name of "Velankanni" or "Velanganni", is a hamlet located on the sandy beaches of the Bay of Bengal. It is located 350 kilometers south of Chennai (formerly Madras the capital of Tamil Nadu, south-east of India) and 12 kilometers south of Nagappatinam. Region or, a town on the coast of the Gulf of Bengal, was referred by the early writers and the Portuguese as "the city of Coramandel' (Imperial Gazetteer of India, XIX, 3).  Vellayar river, a minor branch of the inspiring Cauvery River, runs on the south of the village and flows into the sea.
Readers may be surprised to learn that Vailankanni was once a port and there is evidence to prove this fact. Historical Notes reveal that the people in this area who are exchanged with Rome and Greece, the former commercial centers of the western world.
In the course of time, region or expanded and this small shopping center (Vailankanni) gradually lost its importance. The channel that had been dug once for the navigation between Region or and Vedaranyam still resides in the west of Vailankanni. The site of this important Christian shrine Vailankanni, was one of the regions hardest hit by the tsunami that followed the dec 26, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
Or accommodate
the office of the church is located exactly at the opposite of the Vailankanni bus stand, or the boarding arrangements can be made. The rooms and cottages are available. The Church has 1,620 rooms and 11 rooms (50 to 100 people can stay in each).  Tariffs range from Rs 40 to Rs 100 per day.
Apart from these, there are 50 other hotels that offer clean but simple rooms. They are located in the city or the tariff varies from Rs 60 to Rs 500. The two air conditioned or non-air conditioned are available. Additional Payment must be made for hot water. At the time of festival people are renting their houses as well.
To cope with the gold rush during the festival September, the Church is building a huge hall on an acre of land. Fifteen thousand pilgrims will be able to stay here. The food is not expensive and is available in the small "eating houses" and food stalls on the main road. There are locks on one or the other side of the bus stop to the church. There are only two cabins STD (for long distance calls) here. THE a in the compound of the church and the other near the bus stop.
Vailankanni Velankanni festival festival is celebrated each year from 29 August to 8 September. 8 September is considered Auspicious because that was the day of the Portuguese seamen were landed for the first time in these regions and they have built the first current church.
On 29 August a huge procession of the faithful to their way of the church. The impressive flag raising ceremony marks the beginning of the festival. This ceremony is attended by the district collector and other personalities.
At 8 h, the chariot procession starts with three tanks of the mother, St Michael and St Joseph. This chariot procession is held each day of the festival. The before-last day six tanks to join the procession and the last day seven.
Earth is usually carried out in Tamil, Malayalam and english, from 6 am in the morning to 6.30 pm in the evening (rosary and novena prayers).  During the festival days the earth is also conducted in English, to Konkani, Marathi, Malayalam, Telugu.
The 7 and 8 September, the evening prayers are carried out by the bishops of Thanjavur. Cultural programs are also carried out for the pilgrims. The festival ends with the lowering of the flag on the 8 September at 6 pm.
Other events
throughout the year a chariot procession takes place every Saturday. The chariot procession is also conducted on special occasions such as Independence Day. The procession involves a candle lit parade, with singing.
The first Friday of each month, a procession is conducted around the sanctuary of 6.45 h. This is followed by blessing from the balcony to the front of the extension of the basilica.
The first Saturday of the month, after the chariot procession, the Holy Sacrament is displayed for the worship. A layman, in Chennai, just specially grace to this opportunity. The people who are sick come to this ceremony in large number. The layman divided the crowd into groups depending on their disease. Each group separately is blessed with the Holy Sacrament. This is followed by a special mass from 9 a.m. to midnight
the demographics
as per the 2001 India census Velankanni, had a population of 10,144 . Men constitute 48% of the population and women 52 %.  Velankanni has an average literacy rate of 69 %, a rate higher than the national average of 59.5 %: male literacy is 75 %, and the literacy of women is 64 %.  In Velankanni, 12% of the population is under the age of 6.
Christianity in India
Indian Christians claim an ancient heritage. According to tradition, the Apostle Thomas landed on the Malabar Coast in the south-west of India in A.D. 52 (now Kerala).  He heals the sick and demon, converted from different castes, and finally died in Mylapore (now within the great city of Madras, recently renamed Chennai) at the hands of hostile Brahmans. The second-century Acts of Thomas relates that Thomas has met with an Indian civil servant named Abban in Jerusalem, who invited him to come to India to build a palace for the king Gundaphorus. Thomas has agreed to go with Abban, and King eventually became a believer. Indian Christians still make pilgrimages to the shrines which remember Thomas.
The Tamil Nadu is supposed to place of burial of the Apostle Thomas and is associated with a number of famous Christian leaders including the Irish missionary Amy Carmichael, the historian Stephen Neill, the theologian spouse loaded in the "areas, and the famous apologist Ravi Zacharias.


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  • "Vailankanni" (meaning: Virgin of Velai, the city), also known under the name of "Velankanni" or "Velanganni", is a hamlet located on the sandy beaches of the Bay of Bengal. It is located 350 kilometers south of Chennai (formerly Madras the capital of Tamil Nadu, south-east of India) and 12 kilometers south of Nagappatinam. Region or, a town on the coast of the Gulf of Bengal, was referred by the early writers and the Portuguese as "the city of

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