Elephant Camp at Theppakadu



Theppakkadu Elephant Camp was created in 1972 to Mudumalai range, which became the Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary in 1942. His predecessor who has served to seat beach was created in 1910 near the Mudumalai game hut and later transferred to Theppakadu.
The Forest Department has taken a capture of elephants by the conventional pit method from 1889 to the presidency Madras, especially to strengthen the work of the elephants needed to timber extraction. In the Anamallais where large areas have been cleared for planting teak, capturing the elephant operation was taken up in 1889. Up to 1972, more than 600 elephants have been captured in the nature to meet the demand for work the elephants. Mudumalai, capturing the elephant has been taken up in 1910 and has continued up to 1953. There is therefore need to build permanent Camp Sites with necessary infrastructure such as "Kraals or huts then" to train newly captured the elephants. Surplus elephants and elephants considered do not fit enough for the extraction of wood work such as calves were evacuated by performing on auction sales.
The local use of tribal populations as managers of elephants clearly preceded the creation of camps of elephants. This system has been followed as a result mainly of the tribal populations of the expertise in the jungles, their traditional long association with capture and training the elephants. Even today, the local tribesmen are the backbone of the capture, of the training and the manipulation of the elephant in the department of forests. The Kurubas of Mudumalai, the Malasars, the Pullayars and Kadars of Anamallais are some of the tribals who have traditional knowledge in the art of capture, training and handling the elephants.
The captive elephants in sanctuaries and national parks are no longer used for the extraction of timber work, because these areas are managed exclusively as protected areas. Consequently, the elephants are involved mainly in the following goals.
The eco-tourism
of anti-poaching patrols checking operations
Man-Elephant conflict outside the sanctuaries or other areas (Kumki work)
as a conservation & training center for the Asian elephant which can be visited by public.
At the present time, all captive elephants are stationed either at Theppakkadu. This creates a strong pressure on the exciting fodder resources around these camps. The surrounding area seems exhausted of fodder. The addition, beheading blind of fodder trees in the 10 km radius around the camps has resulted in the total absence of a large number of fodder trees including many species of Ficus, Grewia Kydia, etc. to this end, and also to avoid infections by faecal material infestation, periodic shifting of the camp of rest locations is mandatory.
The camp has a permanent stores shed to keep the grain rations as well as various equipment and accessories intended for the day of today use in the camp.
The elephant camp was a forester who is responsible for the daily management of the camp. A forest guard and sometimes a forest Watcher help him. The range forest officer has the administrative control of the supervision of the camp and the staff.
Two persons, an elephant and handle cavady elephant more than two meters in height. For the elephants under 2 meters in height, as the calves, a single operator in the rank of Cavady is incharge.
All elephants, addition of natural pastures, are provided with rations cooked cereals in form. The standard practice and the standards are complied with. The forest veterinary officer is the authority to fix the quantum of grain of food rations for each animal depending on its size, its sex, its working capacity, etc.
The elephants used for work such as wood by dragging, the patrols or any other hard work are given "work rations" as and when they are used for the job. Refit the animals or animals who are not hired to work are given the "rest" diet which is less than the work rations since these animals spend relatively more time in the pasture.
An elephant is a mega herbivore needs to spend at least 16-18 hours per day for grazing and working elephants spend a lot less time. In addition, they spend all for different types of works for which they are engaged. Therefore, they must be offset by more grain rations.
Some animals such as elephants pregnant, lactating or nursing mothers and of animals, which are in shabby condition, are prescribed special rations by the forest veterinary officer or the Assistant veterinary surgeon in the camp.
The grain rations normally consists of horse gram and Ragi and sometimes rice. The prescribed the rations are given during the cooking of the two in the morning and the evening at fixed hours. Mudumalai in large number tourists witness the evening food. Standardized molds wood are used for the manufacture of cakes of known size and weight to facilitate check. If the animals are fed with the correct amount of rations are prescribed. Each power supply shed prominently displays the ration graphic indicating the quantity of rations prescribed for each elephant. This table also has biographical information on the animals. This practice had been in vogue for a long time and is followed in each camp. The elephant camp at Theppakadu serves as an important educational purpose, or more than one lakh visitors each year, see the management and supply of pachyderms and thus enhance the awareness of the public about the species. It also serves as an important center for research and training for the capture management of elephants.
Theppakadu elephant camp is located just near Theppakadu reception center. There are 23 elephants. Visitors are allowed in the camp in the evening during the elephant power to witness the feeding process. All days 2 elephants perform pooja to Lord Vinayaka inside the camp. The elephants are used for joy riding of tourists early in the morning and evening on the royalties.


Tamil Nadu
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Nearest Bus Terminal
Nearest Railway Station
Udagamandalam (UAM)
Nearest Airport
Coimbatore International Airport
latitude : 11.029999730 longitude :77.043403630
Corporation : Coimbatore

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