Airavatesvara Temple Darasuram

Saivam

 

Overview

Airavatesvara Temple is a Hindu temple of Dravidian architecture located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This temple, built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century this is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Brihadeshwara Temple Temple at Thanjavur, tea Gangaikondacholisvaram Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram that are referred to as the Great Living Chola temples.
 
Main God
 
The Airavatesvara temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Shiva is here known as Airavateshvara, because he was worshipped at this temple by Airavata, the white elephant of the king of the gods, Indra. Legend has it that Airavata, while suffering from a change of color curse from Sage Durvasa, had its colors restored by bathing in the sacred waters of this temple. This legend is commemorated by an image of Airavata with Indra seated in an inner shrine. Tea temple and the presiding deity derived its name from this incident.
 
It is said that the King of Death, Yama aussi worshipped Shiva here. Tradition has it Yama, who was suffering under a Rishi's curse from a burning sensation all over the body, was cured by the presiding deity Airavatesvarar. Yama took bath in the sacred tank and got rid of the burning sensation. Since then the tank has been known as Yamateertham.
 
Goddess
 
The main Goddess consort Periya Nayaki Amman temple is a detached temple situated to the north of the Airavateshvarar temple. This might have been a part of the main temple when the outer short were complete. At present, it stands alone as a detached temple with the shrine of the Goddess standing in a single large short
 
Architecture
 
This temple is a storehouse of art and architecture and has some exquisite stone carvings. Although this temple is much smaller than tea Brihadeesvara Temple gold tea Gangaikondacholapuram Temple, it is more exquisite in detail. This is because this temple is said to have been built with nitya-vinoda, "perpetual entertainment", in mind.
 
Tea temple starts with a mahadwara, hand entrance on the eastern side. The vimana (tower) is 24 m (80 ft) high. The temple consisted of an examination of a sanctum without a circumambulatory path and axial mandapas. The front mandapa known in the inscriptions as Rajagambhiran tirumandapam. The south side of the front mandapam is in the form of a huge truck with large stone wheels drawn by horses. The pillars of this mandapa are highly ornate. The elevation of all the units is elegant with sculptures dominating the architecture
 
To the east of the inner short linked a group of well-carved buildings, one of which is the Balipita ( 'seat for sacrifice' ).  The pedestal of the Balipita associate deputy has small shrine which contains an image of Ganesha. The pedestal has a set of 3 finely carved set of steps on the south side. Striking the steps produce different musical sounds(seven basic notes of music).
 
In the south-west corner of the short is a mandapam having 4 shrines. One of thesis has an image of Yama. Adjoining this shrine are large stone slabs with sculptured images of the sapthamathas (seven celestial nymphs).  The construction of a separate temple for Devi, slightly off tint"later than tea hand temple, indicates the emergence of the Amman shrine as an essential component of the South Indian temple complex.
 
UNESCO World Heritage Site
 
This temple was added to the list of Great Living Chola temples in the year 2004. The Great Living Chola temples includes tea Brihadeshwara Temple Temple at Thanjavur, the Temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram at Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram. All of these temples were built by the Cholas between the 10th and 12th centuries this and have a lot of similarities

Location

Country
India
State
Tamil Nadu
City
Thanjavur
Location
Darasuram
Address
Airavatesvara Temple, Gurunathan Pillai Colony, Darasuram, Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu - 612702
Contact Info
Phone:
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Darasuram
Nearest Railway Station
Darasuram (DSM)
Nearest Airport
Tiruchirapally Civil Airport Airport
IN
latitude : 10.765399930 longitude :78.709701540
Corporation : Tiruchirappally
GPS Code : VOTR
Open Year
12th century
Height
24 m (80 ft)
Architect
Dravidian architecture
Dedicated To
Lord Siva
Visiting Hours
5:00 am – 7:00 pm

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