Brihadeeswarar Big Temple Thanjavur Peruvudaiyar Kovil RajaRajeswara Temple



Rajaraja Cholan, the great king Chola built the Bragatheeswarar (Peruvudaiyar) Temple, also known as big temple. "In the twenty-fifth year of Rajaraja Cholan (A. D 1009-10) on the 257th day of the year, the king has handed over the copper pot for the floret is running at the top of the Vimana".  It weighed about 235 lbs. , AND was overlaid with gold plate of weight of 292.5 Kalanju or nearly 35 lbs.
Rajarajeswaram Temple layout,
Rajarajeswaram Temple layout, as the temple was appointed by its founder, fills a large part of the small fort (Sivaganga Fort), surrounded by a moat on the east and the west, the Grand Canal Anaicut (Putharu) in the south and by the Sivaganga Garden on the north. The temple entry has an imposing gateway on the east, of each side of which are two small shrines dedicated to Ganapathi Ashcroft and Company and Murugan and more through there is another Gopuram 90 feet high. This road leads to an outdoor courtyard. A second and magnificent Gopuram of new tracks in the main court in which the temple is built. The inner courtyard is approximately 500 feet long and 250 feet wide, is well paved with bricks and stones. The court is surrounded on all sides by a cloister. To the north and west wings have Sivalingams who are devoted and there are paintings on these walls depicting sixty-four Nayanmars, sacred sport of Siva. The external measurement of the temple is 793 feet by 397 feet.
Sanctuary principal
The principal shrine of Brihadisvara Sri, the great God - a Sanskrit rendering of the original Tamil name Peruvudaiyar- amounts to the west end of the main courtyard. It is composed of five divisions -
1. Garbhagriha or the Sanctum Sactorum and the corridor around it
2. Ardhana-Mandapam
3. Maha-Mandapam with the open aisles
4. Stapana-Mandapam with the shrine of Sri Thyagarajar
5. Narthana-Mandapam for the temple paraphernalia and or the servant wait; and 6
. Vadya-Mandapam and portal for musicians.
Main Sanctuary has three portals named Keralantakan, Rasarasan and Thiru-Anukkan . These portals are guarded by Dwarapalikas or the guards of the door. They are of enormous proportions and exquisite workmanship. There are several sets as those in the temple, whose seven of them are 18 feet by 8 feet. They are all monolith, and some are of very high artistic value, in particular at the entrance to Sri Subramanya meaning that temple.
The Sivalinga Brihadisvara Sri is probably the most impressive in existence. This image was originally called Adavallan (that which is good in the dance).  Another name was Dakshina-Meru Vitanken. The two names in Thiruvisaipa as the names of the Godhead are the same as in Chidambaram Temple. This indicates perhaps that the Saiva belief derived its support at the time mainly to Chidambaram. Rajaraja Cholan calls the image Rajarajeswaramudaiyar - the Lord of Rajarajeswaram. The tower on the sanctuary is named Dakshina-Meru after the place of residence of Lord Shiva to Kailasam, the Uttara-Meru .
Sri Thyagaraja, also called Vitankar, worshiped in a part of the Stapana-Manadapam , is the patron deity of the Cholas. The legend tells that their mythical ancestor Muchukuntan Chola help Indra against the evil asuras, for which help, he has been presented with seven images of Thyagaraja, it has installed in the seven holy places of Thiruvarur, Thiru-nagai-karonam, Thiru-kkareyil, Thirukolili, Thirumaraikadu, Thirunallaru Thiruvamur and who are known as Sapta-Vitanka -Kshetras. Rajaraja Cholan, pious worshippers of Sri Thyagaraja to Thiruvarur, or he has built this great temple; and, the enshrined Sri Thyagaraja to Thanjavur also, as a mark of his own piety and in commemoration of the achievements of his famous ancestor.
The great Vimana
The great Vimana is of Dravidian style of architecture. It amounts to a height of about 216 feet, a tower of fourteen floors, finely decorated with pilasters, niches and the images of the gods of the hindu pantheon. The basement of the structure that supports the tower is 96 square feet. The sikhara or cupolic dome is octagonal in shape and crown the Vimana. The gilding Kalasa or jewel turns, dome is 12.5 meters high. It is estimated that the sikhara-kept dumb and do not throw on the ground. The dome rests on a single block of granite, 25.5 square feet. Two Nandis, each measuring 6.5 feet to 5.5 feet embellish each corner of the stone which is of approximately 80 tonnes, and we think that it has been transmitted to the top of the tower by means of an inclined plane from Sarapallam (scaffold-hollow), four kilometers north-east of the city.
Under sanctuaries:
Shrine of Sri Subramanya meaning that in the north-west corner, the Sanctuary of the goddess Sri Brihannayagi, Sri Chandeeswara sanctuary, sanctuary of Ganapathy, the sanctuary of the Nataraja in the north eastern corner, the colossal monolith figure on Nandhi, the bull sacred, in the central court and the sanctuary of Karuvurar.
The great Nandhi
the Nandi within is worked meticulously and the Nayak Mandapam is massive and striking. The Nandhi is 12 feet high, 19.5 meters long and 18.25 meters wide. The Nandhi is a monolith weighing approximately 25 tonnes and the stone is said to come from a bed of gneiss at the foot of the Pachaimalai Perambalur near. Another version is that the stone was brought to the bed of the river Narmada in the north. It is a tradition that the Nandhi increased in size with the progress of time. It was to be feared that it does not become too large for the Mandapam erected on it and a nail was driven in the back, and since then, its size has remained stationery. Two portrait statuesques on the front pillars of the Nandhi Mandapam are reported as those of Sevappanayakan (the first Nayak rule) and his son Achyutappa Nayak.
The frescoes of
Chola frescoes painting discovered in 1931 by Mr. S. K. Govindasamy of Annamalai University in the corridor Aradhana circumambulatory Mandapam are of great interest. These are the first Chola specimen was found. The passage of the corridor is dark and enthusiasts found the walls on both sides covered with two layers of paint from the floor to the ceiling. Those of the upper layer are of the period Nayak, as some labels in Telugu characters mentioned the names of the Sevappa, Achyutappa and other. The Chola frescoes are located below. An ardent spirit of saivism is expressed in the Chola frescoes. They probably have synchronized with the completion of the temple by Rajaraja Cholan. Saivism was at its height at the time, and the Cholas were clarity of this faith.


Tamil Nadu
Contact Info
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Nearest Railway Station
Thanjavur (TJ)
Nearest Airport
Madurai Airport
latitude : 9.834509850 longitude :78.093399050
Corporation : Madurai

Nearest Places

  • Rajaraja Cholan, the great king Chola built the Bragatheeswarar (Peruvudaiyar) Temple, also known as big temple. "In the twenty-fifth year of Rajaraja Cholan (A. D 1009-10) on the 257th day of the year, the king has handed over the copper pot for the floret is running at the top of the Vimana".  It weighed about 235 lbs. , AND was overlaid with gold plate of weight of 292.5 Kalanju or nearly 35 lbs.

  • Thanjavur, the capital city of the Cholas, is a flourishing city from the 7th century CE. At the present time, there are two important forts namely Chinna Kottai (a little strong) and Periya in Kottai (Big strong).  Thanjavur Palace is located within the Big fort complex. This fort was erected by the Vijayaraghava Nayakkar 1633-74 (CE marking) which was the last king Thanjai Nayak dynasty.

  • Airavatesvara Temple is a Hindu temple of Dravidian architecture located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This temple, built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century this is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Brihadeshwara Temple Temple at Thanjavur, tea Gangaikondacholisvaram Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram that are referred to as the Great Living Chola temples.

  •  Sri Somanatha Swamy  temple is located in a small  village called Keezha Pazhayarai near to  Kumbakonam (6 K.M). This temple was constructed by Chola kings  during 7th century.  This village Pazhayarai is frequently referred in one of the greatest Tamil Novel  Ponniyin Selvan.  Before Tanjore become the capital Pazhayarai used to be a Chola capital.  The Great  Raja Raja Chola also spent his early ages at this place.  The temple has beautiful

  • Kuberapureeswarar Temple-A son named Pulasthya was born from the mind power of Creator Brahmma – Manasa Puthra.  Vishwaras was then born to Pulasthya.  Though belonging to the Rishi tradition, Vishwaras married a demon lady Kekasi whose heritage is noted for cruel qualities.  She delivered two sons Ravana and Kumbakarna and a daughter Surpanaka representing cruelty.  She also delivered Vibhishana and Kubera then.  Ravana and Kubera were Shiva d

  • This temple located at Kumbakonam to Mayiladuthurai route. This temple had built by the great Chola Queen Sembiyan Maha Devi, who was the mother of the great King Uthama Cholan.The earliest inscriptions in the temple date from 750 AD and belong to the reign of the Pallava king Nandivarman. The present structure is believed to have been constructed by Sembiyan Mahadevi, the mother of Uttama Chola in 979.Chitra Pournami, or Chitirai Purnima, is a

  • Machapureeswarar temple is Hindu Siva Temple. This temple located at Papanasam, 

  • Patteeswaram is situated just 8 kms from Kumbakonam. Sri Durgai shrine is very popular here.

  • Temple occupies an area of 630 feet South-north and 800ft with adjacent under East-west and four major streets around. There are four gateways with Gopuram(Tower) in the large and the round walls of the temple. Close to the walls there is the wide track (Praharam) with a flower garden on the north side. By entering in the Eastern Gate Way, we can find the Balibeedam, Vinayaga temple, TempleNandeeswarar Thirunageswaram Mandabam, Raghu and Sthamb

  • Thiruvidaimarudur Mahalinga Swamy Temple is one of the Sthalas Panchakrosha. The sanctuary Ammbal is one of Bheetas Sakthi. Chakkara Maha Meru is installed here. Uma, Muruga Vinayaka, Lakshimi Thirumal" Saraswati, (deities), Pattinathar Agasthya Vashista", Badragiriyar, Markandiya Romarishi, Kapila, Rishi, (saints).  Siddhar Varagunadeva Sivavakiya ( ), Chitrakeerthi Veerasena Sukeerthi", Vasuman Maandada Uvanasuvan" ., Anjatthuvasan (Kings), (

  • Sivapuram is located 5 kilometres south-east of the town and taluk headquarters of Kumbakonam on the way to Thiruvarur. The Lord is a swayambumurthy. Thuis ancient temple is said to be around 200 years old and was built by the Cholas. The five tiered gopuram is facing East. Enter the temple there is a shrine for Kalabhairavar facing North and to you right. Suryan and Chandran have also worshipped at the timple. This is one of the temples noted

  • Keela surya moolai, Surya Koteeswarar temple is located in Keela surya moolai, Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu state, India.The main God here is Surya Koteeswarar and Amman is Pavalakodi Amman. 



About us is one of most and great name in internet world. Our aims to "what you need, we will give".

here collection of tourist places and its tour cost world wide.

Twitter feed
Contact us

#1, Puzhuthivakkam
Chennai, TN - 600091
P: (91) 9043520329

Follow us