Brihadeeswarar Big Temple Thanjavur Peruvudaiyar Kovil RajaRajeswara Temple

 

Overview

Rajaraja Cholan, the great king Chola built the Bragatheeswarar (Peruvudaiyar) Temple, also known as big temple. "In the twenty-fifth year of Rajaraja Cholan (A. D 1009-10) on the 257th day of the year, the king has handed over the copper pot for the floret is running at the top of the Vimana".  It weighed about 235 lbs. , AND was overlaid with gold plate of weight of 292.5 Kalanju or nearly 35 lbs.
 
Rajarajeswaram Temple layout,
 
Rajarajeswaram Temple layout, as the temple was appointed by its founder, fills a large part of the small fort (Sivaganga Fort), surrounded by a moat on the east and the west, the Grand Canal Anaicut (Putharu) in the south and by the Sivaganga Garden on the north. The temple entry has an imposing gateway on the east, of each side of which are two small shrines dedicated to Ganapathi Ashcroft and Company and Murugan and more through there is another Gopuram 90 feet high. This road leads to an outdoor courtyard. A second and magnificent Gopuram of new tracks in the main court in which the temple is built. The inner courtyard is approximately 500 feet long and 250 feet wide, is well paved with bricks and stones. The court is surrounded on all sides by a cloister. To the north and west wings have Sivalingams who are devoted and there are paintings on these walls depicting sixty-four Nayanmars, sacred sport of Siva. The external measurement of the temple is 793 feet by 397 feet.
 
Sanctuary principal
 
The principal shrine of Brihadisvara Sri, the great God - a Sanskrit rendering of the original Tamil name Peruvudaiyar- amounts to the west end of the main courtyard. It is composed of five divisions -
1. Garbhagriha or the Sanctum Sactorum and the corridor around it
2. Ardhana-Mandapam
3. Maha-Mandapam with the open aisles
4. Stapana-Mandapam with the shrine of Sri Thyagarajar
5. Narthana-Mandapam for the temple paraphernalia and or the servant wait; and 6
. Vadya-Mandapam and portal for musicians.
 
Main Sanctuary has three portals named Keralantakan, Rasarasan and Thiru-Anukkan . These portals are guarded by Dwarapalikas or the guards of the door. They are of enormous proportions and exquisite workmanship. There are several sets as those in the temple, whose seven of them are 18 feet by 8 feet. They are all monolith, and some are of very high artistic value, in particular at the entrance to Sri Subramanya meaning that temple.
 
The Sivalinga Brihadisvara Sri is probably the most impressive in existence. This image was originally called Adavallan (that which is good in the dance).  Another name was Dakshina-Meru Vitanken. The two names in Thiruvisaipa as the names of the Godhead are the same as in Chidambaram Temple. This indicates perhaps that the Saiva belief derived its support at the time mainly to Chidambaram. Rajaraja Cholan calls the image Rajarajeswaramudaiyar - the Lord of Rajarajeswaram. The tower on the sanctuary is named Dakshina-Meru after the place of residence of Lord Shiva to Kailasam, the Uttara-Meru .
 
Sri Thyagaraja, also called Vitankar, worshiped in a part of the Stapana-Manadapam , is the patron deity of the Cholas. The legend tells that their mythical ancestor Muchukuntan Chola help Indra against the evil asuras, for which help, he has been presented with seven images of Thyagaraja, it has installed in the seven holy places of Thiruvarur, Thiru-nagai-karonam, Thiru-kkareyil, Thirukolili, Thirumaraikadu, Thirunallaru Thiruvamur and who are known as Sapta-Vitanka -Kshetras. Rajaraja Cholan, pious worshippers of Sri Thyagaraja to Thiruvarur, or he has built this great temple; and, the enshrined Sri Thyagaraja to Thanjavur also, as a mark of his own piety and in commemoration of the achievements of his famous ancestor.
 
The great Vimana
 
The great Vimana is of Dravidian style of architecture. It amounts to a height of about 216 feet, a tower of fourteen floors, finely decorated with pilasters, niches and the images of the gods of the hindu pantheon. The basement of the structure that supports the tower is 96 square feet. The sikhara or cupolic dome is octagonal in shape and crown the Vimana. The gilding Kalasa or jewel turns, dome is 12.5 meters high. It is estimated that the sikhara-kept dumb and do not throw on the ground. The dome rests on a single block of granite, 25.5 square feet. Two Nandis, each measuring 6.5 feet to 5.5 feet embellish each corner of the stone which is of approximately 80 tonnes, and we think that it has been transmitted to the top of the tower by means of an inclined plane from Sarapallam (scaffold-hollow), four kilometers north-east of the city.
 
Under sanctuaries:
 
Shrine of Sri Subramanya meaning that in the north-west corner, the Sanctuary of the goddess Sri Brihannayagi, Sri Chandeeswara sanctuary, sanctuary of Ganapathy, the sanctuary of the Nataraja in the north eastern corner, the colossal monolith figure on Nandhi, the bull sacred, in the central court and the sanctuary of Karuvurar.
 
The great Nandhi
 
the Nandi within is worked meticulously and the Nayak Mandapam is massive and striking. The Nandhi is 12 feet high, 19.5 meters long and 18.25 meters wide. The Nandhi is a monolith weighing approximately 25 tonnes and the stone is said to come from a bed of gneiss at the foot of the Pachaimalai Perambalur near. Another version is that the stone was brought to the bed of the river Narmada in the north. It is a tradition that the Nandhi increased in size with the progress of time. It was to be feared that it does not become too large for the Mandapam erected on it and a nail was driven in the back, and since then, its size has remained stationery. Two portrait statuesques on the front pillars of the Nandhi Mandapam are reported as those of Sevappanayakan (the first Nayak rule) and his son Achyutappa Nayak.
 
The frescoes of
 
Chola frescoes painting discovered in 1931 by Mr. S. K. Govindasamy of Annamalai University in the corridor Aradhana circumambulatory Mandapam are of great interest. These are the first Chola specimen was found. The passage of the corridor is dark and enthusiasts found the walls on both sides covered with two layers of paint from the floor to the ceiling. Those of the upper layer are of the period Nayak, as some labels in Telugu characters mentioned the names of the Sevappa, Achyutappa and other. The Chola frescoes are located below. An ardent spirit of saivism is expressed in the Chola frescoes. They probably have synchronized with the completion of the temple by Rajaraja Cholan. Saivism was at its height at the time, and the Cholas were clarity of this faith.

Location

Country
India
State
Tamil Nadu
City
Thanjavur
Location
Thanjavur
Address
Contact Info
Phone:
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
thanjavur
Nearest Railway Station
Thanjavur (TJ)
Nearest Airport
Madurai Airport
IN
latitude : 9.834509850 longitude :78.093399050
Corporation : Madurai
GPS Code : VOMD

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