Erumbeeswarar Temple

Saivam

 

Overview

Erumbeeswarar Temple is situated at 8km from Trichy chatram Bus stand on the Trichy Tanjore Highway. Erumbeeswarar temple is located atop a 60 feet  hill with a flight of granite steps to the top. Since the temple is atop a hill, it is locally called "Malai Kovil". The temple complex has two prakarams and a two-tiered rajagopuram . The central shrine faces east and holds the image of Erumbeeswarar  in the form of lingam made of mud mound. The granite images Ganesha (son of Shiva and god of wisdom), Murugan, Nandi  and Navagraha are located in the hall leading to the sanctum. As in other Shiva temples of Tamil Nadu, the first precinct or the walls around the sanctum of Erumbeeswarar has images of Dakshinamurthy, Durga  and Chandikeswarar. The central image of Erumbeeswarar is made of mud mound and is referred by other names like Erumbeesar, Mathuvaneswarar, Manikoodalachapathi, Piplikesvarar and Manickanathar. The inscriptions in the temple refer Erumbeeswarar as Thirumalai Alwar, Thiruverumbur Alwar and Thiruverumburudaya Nayanar. The shrine of the consort-goddess Narunguzhal Nayagi Amman, facing south, is located in the second precinct of the temple. The second precicnt is surrounded by granite walls. Narunguzhal Nayagi Amman is referred by other names like Sugantha Kuzhalal, Soundra Nayagi, Madhuvaneswari and Rathnambal.
 
The temple has two enclosures inside and a mandapa at the foot of the hill. The Goddess Narunkuzhal Nayaki is found in a separate shrine outside the main shrine. There are several sub-shrines within the temple complex. The temple has four tanks - Brahma Theertham, Madhu Theertham, Kumara Theertham and Padma theertham.
 
Shiva Linga in the sanctum sanctorum is in an ant-hill shape with ups and downs without a perfect shape.  It is a sand Linga, hence no abishek is performed.  Only oil application is followed.  As there is a gap in between, it appears as if there are two Lingas. It is said that the right side is of Shiva part and the left as Shakti part, hence praised as ‘Shivasakthi Linga’.  As ants (Erumbu in Tamil) are consuming the nivedhana objects in the sanctum, it is believed that Lord Shiva Himself is acknowledging the nivedhana offers during the Pujas.  This darshan is considered very important by the devotees.  It is also believed that Rathi, wife of Manmatha-Cupid worshipped the Lord praying that her alluring beauty should not make her proud.
 
Swarnakala Bhairava shrine is in the prakara-corridor with a furious look.  Mother Gajalakshmi is opposite to Bhairava in a separate shrine.  Worshipping both simultaneously relieves the devotee from fears and ensures prosperity in family.  Mother Narunkuzhal Nayaki – Mother with a fragrant hair – graces from a shrine facing south.  Different Alankaras are followed for the mother each day.  Just before Mother Narunkuzhal Nayaki there is an idol of a Mother worshipped in olden days.  Of the two dwarapalakas in the Lord’s shrine, one looks angry, the other smiling.  People generally known for their temperate qualities, become softer after worshipping the Lord, it is believed. The one special feature in the temple is Lord Sankara Narayana combining the greatness of both Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu and Lord Nataraja with anklets behind the presiding Lord Shiva goshta wall.
 
The temple is one in a series built by Aditya Chola (871-907 CE) along the banks of river Cauvery, to commemorate his victory in the Tirupurambiyam Battle. It has several inscriptions from the Chola Empire dating back to the 10th century.[1] The temple has been declared a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India and is locally referred as "Kailash of South India"The shrine is praised in the Thevaram hymns of saint Tirugnanasambandar. This is 7th Shiva shrine on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns.
 
The temple enshrines Erumbeeswarar, another form of Lord Shiva as the presiding deity along with his consort Saurabhya Kudalaambal. This temple is built on a 60 ft high hill called as Malai Kovil and can be accessed by a plight of steps. Lord Shiva in this temple is believed to be self manifested. As it is a sand Lingam, no abhishekas are performed here. 
 
Sun God in the Navagraha shrine is with His two consorts Usha and Pradyusha both facing each other.  Lord Kailasanatha  graces from a separate temple left of this temple.  The temple has four theerthas – Brahmma Theertham, Madhu Theertham, Kumara Theertham and Padma theertham.  It is said that the hill of this place is but a piece of the Meru mount split by Vayu – God of Wind when a competition arose between him and the divine serpent Adisesha to decide the power of their physical strength.
 
Importent Festival:
Vaikasi Brahammotsavam in May-June, Shivrathri in February-March, Aipasi Annabishekam in October-November, Tirukarthikai in November-December are the festivals observed in the temple.
 
 Temple Timing: 6.30 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and 4.30 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.
 
How to Reach,
Nearest Railway Station: Thiruverumbur Railway Station
Nearest Airport; Tiruchirapalli

Location

Country
India
State
Tamil Nadu
City
Tiruchirappalli
Location
Thiruverumbur
Address
Erumbeeswarar Temple, Malaikoil, Thiruverumbur, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu 620013
Contact Info
Phone: 0431 6574738 ,9842957568
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Thiruverumbur
Nearest Railway Station
Tiruchchirappalli Jn (TPJ)
Nearest Airport
Tiruchirapally Civil Airport Airport
IN
latitude : 10.765399930 longitude :78.709701540
Corporation : Tiruchirappally
GPS Code : VOTR
Open Year
6th-7th Century
Height
60 feet
Architect
Dravidian architecture
Dedicated To
Chola King
Visiting Hours
6.30 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and 4.30 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.

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