Jambukeswarar Akhilandeswari Temple

Saivam

 

Overview

Thiruvanaikoil temple is one of the Panchabhoota Stalams and represents water or Jala Lingam. As an elephant worshipped the Lord here, this place came to be known as 'Thiru Aanai Kaa' (Thiru – Holy, Aanai – Elephant, Kaa (Kaadu) – Forest). Later the actual name ‘Thiruaanaikaa’ becomes 'Thiruvanaikaval' and 'Thiruvanaikoil'.
 
It is great to see plenty of water continuously oozing out round the Shiva lingam idol in the temple all round the year. The goddess of this temple is Akilandeswari.Akilandeswari is pronounced as 'Akilam - Aanda 'Eswari' (Akilam means Universe, Aanda means Ruler, Eswari means Goddess).
 
According to mythological interpretations, Devi Akhilandeswari took Upadesa facing East from Lord Shiva, who stood facing West. Hence this Temple is also revered as a Upadesa Sthalam. Since Devi Akhilandeswari worshipped Lord Shiva in this temple, even today at noon the 'Archakar' dresses like a female and performs Puja to Lord Jambukeswara and the holy Cow. A specifice breed of black cow, called Karam Pasu is brought to the Temple for puja. As the Devi was like a student and Lord Jambukeswara like a Guru  in this temple, there is no Thiru Kalyanam conducted in this temple for Lord Shiva and Devi Parvathi, unlike the other Shiva temples. The Shrine of the Devi Akilandeshwari and the Shrine of Lord Prasanna Vinayaka opposite the Devi Shrine are in the shape of the Pranava Mantra called "OM". 
 
Once Devi Parvati mocked at Lord Shiva’s penance for betterment of the World. Lord Shiva wanted to condemn her act  and directed her to go to the earth from 'Kailayam' and do penance. Devi Parvathi  as per Shiva's wish found 'Jambu' forevedr to conduct her penance. Devi made a Lingam out of water of river Cauvery under the 'Venn Naaval' tree and commenced her worship. So, the Lingam is known as 'Appu Lingam'. Lord Siva at last gave darshan to Akilandeswari and taught her Siva Gnana. Devi Parvati took 'Upadesa' facing East from Shiva, who stood facing West. So as the temples idols are also installed in the same direction. Such places are known as 'Upadesa Sthalams'. As the Devi was like a student and the Lord like a Guru in this temple, there is no 'Thiru Kalyanam' (marriage) conducted in this temple for Lord & the Devi, unlike the other Shiva temples.
 
There were two Siva Ganas (Siva’s disciples who live in Kailash) by name 'Malyavan' and 'Pushpadanta'. Though they are Shiva Ganas they always quarrel with each other and fight for one thing or other.  On top of all in one fight 'Malyavan' cursed 'Pushpadanta' to become an elephant in earth and the latter cursed the former to become a spider in earth.
 
Both the elephant and the spider came to Jambukeshwaram and continued their Shiva worship. The elephant collected water from river Cauvery and conducted Abhishekam to the lingam under the Jambu tree daily. The spider constructed his web over the lingam to prevent dry leaves from dropping on it and prevent Sunlight directly felling on Shiva.
 
When the elephant saw the web and thought that as dust on Lord Shiva and tore them and cleaned the Linga by pouring water. This happened daily. The spider became angry one day and crawled into the trunk of the elephant and bit the elephant to death killing itself. Lord Siva, moved by the deep devotion of the two relieved them from one other curse.
 
In the next birth the Spider was born as the King Ko Chengot Chola and built 70 temples and Thiruvanaikoil is the one among them. Remembering his enmity with the elephant in his previous birth, he built the Lord Shiva 'Sannathi'(Sanctorum) such that not even a small elephant can enter. The entrance on the sanctorum of Lord Shiva is only 4 foot high and 2.5 foot wide.
 
Thiruvanaikoil is also called as 'Jambukeswaram' and the Lord as Jambukeswara, Jambunathan and Jambulingam. The myth behind this is, there was a Sage by name 'Jambu Munivar' (munivar – sage). He once got a rare and sacred 'Venn Naaval' (Venn – White, White variety if Naaval fruit) fruit and he offered that fruit to Lord Siva. The Lord after eating the fruit spitted the seed. Jambu Munivar took and swallowed the seed, as it is sacred as the seed came from the Lord’s mouth. Immediately a 'Naaval' tree began to grow in the Saint's head. The Saint prayed to Lord Siva that He should take his abode under that tree. Lord accepted and asked him to continue his penance in the forest on the banks of river Cauvery and said that he will one day come there and abode under that tree. After many years Devi Akilandeswari worshiped Lord Shiva under that tree during her penance. Thus as he took adobe under the tree on Jambu Munivar he was called as 'Jambukeshwara' and the place is called as 'Jambukeshwaram'. Also thus the 'Venn Naaval' became the 'Sthala Vriksham' (Temple’s Sacred tree). The Shiva Lingam is placed under the Venn naaval tree in this temple. Even today you can see that Venn Naaval tree at the temple, which is said to be many hundred years old.
 
Important Festivals: Vasantha Urchavam, Aadipuram, Navarathiri, Thai Poosam, Brahmotchavam, Car festival and Panchaprakara festival are important festivals.
 
Temple Timing: 6.30 am to 12 noon and 5.oo pm to 9.oo pm
 
Pooja Timing,
UshakKala  - 06:45 AM - 07:15 AM
Kalasandhi - 08:00 AM - 08:45 AM
UchikKalam - 11:00 AM - 12:00 Noon
Sayaraksha - 05:00 PM - 05:45 PM
Arthajamam - 09:00 PM
 
How to Reach,
 
Road Way: Thiruvaanaikkaval is situated in the middle of Trichy and thiruvarangam about 320 km on chennai & kanniyakumari national highway. The temple is located 8 km from central bus stand and 3 km from Chathiram bus stand trichy. Government and private bus service is available to reach Thiruvaanaikkaval.
 
Nearest Railway Station: Trichy junction, about 8 km
 
Nearest Airport: Tiruchirapalli International Airport, about 15 km

Location

Country
India
State
Tamil Nadu
City
Tiruchirappalli
Location
Tiruvanaikoil
Address
Arulmigu Jambukeswarar Akhilandeswari Temple, Sannathi St, Thiruvanaikoil, Thiruvanaikkaval, Thiruvarankam Taluk, Trichy District - 620 005
Contact Info
Phone: 0431 2230257
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Thiruvanaikoil
Nearest Railway Station
Tiruchchirappalli Jn (TPJ)
Nearest Airport
Tiruchirapally Civil Airport Airport
IN
latitude : 10.765399930 longitude :78.709701540
Corporation : Tiruchirappally
GPS Code : VOTR
Architect
Dravidian architecture
Visiting Hours
6.30 am to 12 noon and 5.oo pm to 9.oo pm

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