Kallanai Dam around the 2nd Century AD
Kallanai (also known as the Grand Anicut) dam was originally constructed by the Chola king Karikalan around the 2nd Century AD.
The dam was originally built by Karikala Chola around century AD. The idea underlying the construction of the dam was to divert the river delta districts thus improving irrigation. The dam has been re-modeled by the British during the 19th century. In 1804, Captain Caldwell, a military engineer was appointed by the British to make a study on the Kaveri river and promote irrigation in the delta region. It was found that a large amount of water adopted on the Kollidam leaving behind a small volume for irrigation purposes. Caldwell initially proposed a solution by increasing the dam and therefore raised the dam of stones from a height of 0.69 m, thereby increasing the capacity of the dam. After this, the major Sim proposed the idea of undersluices on the river with outputs leading to the river Kollidam (of coleroon) thus preventing formation of silt. The lower Anaicut built by Sir Arthur Cotton of 19th century AD everywhere of coleroon, the major tributary of inspiring Cauvery River, is said to be a structure of replicated Kallanai. Kallanai dam is one of the oldest irrigation dams in the world built around 2000 years ago. It has been built on the inspiring Cauvery River by the Chola King, Karikal Valavan. The main purpose of the building Kallanai was to divert the inspiring Cauvery River water for irrigation in the delta Tanjavur. Kallanai has a solid base and solid structure. Because of his stubbornness it is always in excellent condition and is used as a large irrigation dam in Tamil Nadu.
latitude : 10.765399930 longitude :78.709701540
Corporation : Tiruchirappally
GPS Code : VOTR
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