Panchavarneswarar Temple

Saivam

 

Overview

Lord Shiva of the temple is a swayambumurthy. Lord showed five colours – golden yellow, white, red, black and smoke ash – to Lord Brahmma, hence praised as Aivanna Perumal in Tamil and Panchavarneswarar in Sanskrit – Lord of five colours. The devotee can observe the change of colours in the Linga during each puja. Wherever Shiva Puja is performed in any part of this world, all glory of the pujas reach this place, hence the name Urayur bearing this meaning.Sri Garuda Bhagwan, Kathru-wife of Maharshi Kashyapa and their son Karkodan had worshipped the Lord in this temple.Tiruchi Town hardly 1 Km from the Cauvery, sports one of the oldest and greatest Shiva Temples in Chola Naadu. This temple tucked away behind tall business complexes on Salai road was built in the 8th century by the great Pandiya King Varaguna Maharaja II.
 Sri Panchavarneswarar Temple, The Shivalingam held in worship here is very small in size. There are shrines to Ambal, Vinayakar, Subramanyar and Mahalakshmi here. The sanctum faces east while the Ambal shrine faces south. Images of Ganesha, Dakshinamurthy, Vishnu, Bhrahma and Durga occupy the niches around the sanctum. There is a shrine to Utanga muni directly across from the Nataraja shraine.
The temple is replete with sculptural work depicting legends associated with the temple.  For instance there are wondrous pieces of sculpture on some of the temple pillars that appear as four women from one angle, and as a horse from another.
Shivalinga in the temple showed Brahmma five colours – golden yellow, red, black, white and smoke ash here.  For Sage Udangar, Shivalinga appeared as a Gem, Spatika, Gold and Diamond and as a portrait.  Lord also appeared here as Cock and controlled a wild elephant.  Urayur also has the reputation of being the birth place of Vaishnavite saint Tirupanazhwar and Saivite saint Pugazh Chola Nayanar.  Kochengatchozha Nayanar attained the Lotus Feet of  Lord in this place.
 
Karikal Cholan, a famous king of Chola dynasty during his travel from Kaviripoompattinam passed through this place.  A cock struck on the forehead of his elephant.  The elephant immediately began to retreat.  The king realized the greatness of the place, built a city and stayed here making it his headquarters.  The place is also called Urayur Kozhi.  Kozhi in Tamil means cock.
The temple priests perform the puja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. Like other Shiva temples of Tamil Nadu, the priests belong to the Shaiva community, a Brahmin sub-caste. The 
 The Shivalingam held in worship here is very small in size. There are shrines to Ambal, Vinayakar, Subramanyar and Mahalakshmi here. The sanctum faces east while the Ambal shrine faces south. Images of Ganesha, Dakshinamurthy, Vishnu, Bhrahma and Durga occupy the niches around the sanctum. There is a shrine to Utanga muni directly across from the Nataraja shraine.
 
The temple is replete with sculptural work depicting legends associated with the temple.  For instance there are wondrous pieces of sculpture on some of the temple pillars that appear as four women from one angle, and as a horse from another.
 
 

Location

Country
India
State
Tamil Nadu
City
Tiruchirappalli
Location
Unniyur
Address
Panchavarneswarar, Urayur, Thiruchirapalli district. Tamil Nadu-– 620 003.
Contact Info
Phone:
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
urayur
Nearest Railway Station
Tiruchchirappalli Jn (TPJ)
Nearest Airport
Tiruchirapally Civil Airport Airport
IN
latitude : 10.765399930 longitude :78.709701540
Corporation : Tiruchirappally
GPS Code : VOTR
Open Year
2000 years old
Dedicated To
Varaguna Maharaja II.
Visiting Hours
The temple rituals are performed six times a day; Ushathkalam at 5:30 a.m., Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 10:00 a.m., Sayarakshai at 5:00 p.m., Irandamkalam at 7:00 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 8:00 p.m.

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