Arunachaleswarar Temple



The history
The history of Tiruvannamalai rotates around the Annamalaiyar Temple. The history of the city dates back to the ninth century, as seen from a Chola inscriptions in the temple. The entries made before ninth century indicate the status of Pallava kings, whose capital was Kanchipuram. The seventh century Nayanar saints Sambandar and apparently writing of the temple in their poetic, Tevaram. Sekkizhar, author of the Periyapuranam two records was prohibited and worshiped Sambandar Annamalaiyar in the temple. [ 8] The kings Chola has ruled on the region for more than four centuries, from 850 to 1280, and were temple patrons. The inscriptions from the Chola king save various gifts such as land, sheep, cows and oil to the temple commemorating various victories of the dynasty.
The kings of Hoysala empire Tiruvannamalai used as their capital from 1328. There are 48 inscriptions of the Sangama dynasty (1336- 1485), two inscriptions of Saluva Dynasty and 55 inscriptions of Tuluva Dynasty (1491- 1570) of the Vijayanagara Empire, reflecting the gifts to the temple of their leaders. There is also the inscriptions on the rule of Krishnadeva Raya (1509- 1529), the more powerful king Vijayanagara, indicating any favoritism. Most of the Vijayanagara inscriptions were written in Tamil, with some in Kannada and sanskrit. The inscriptions in the temple of the Vijayanagara kings indicate the emphasis on administrative matters and local concerns, which contrast with the inscriptions of the same rulers in other temples of Tirupathi. The majority of the gift of the markings are for the earth endownments, followed by goods, allocations in cash, cows and oil for lamps for lighting. The city of Tiruvannamalai was at a strategic crossroads during the Vijayanagara Empire, connection sacred pilgrimage centers and military roads. There are the inscriptions which show the area as an urban center before the precolonial period, with the city in development around the temple, similar to the Nayak statue cities such as Madurai.
During the 17th century, Tiruvannamalai has been under the dominion of the Nawab of the Carnatic. As the Mughal empire came to an end, the Nawab lost control of the city, with the chaos and confusion that followed after 1753. Then, there were periods of both Hindu and Muslim stewardship of the temple, with Muraru Raya, Krishna Raya, Mrithis Ali Khan and Burkat Ullakhan besieging the temple in the succession. As European incursions has progressed, Tiruvannamalai was attacked by French Soupries, Sambrinet, and the English Captain Stephen Smith. While some have been postponed, other were victorious. The French occupied the city in 1757 and it is between under the control of the British in 1760. In 1790, Tiruvannamalai city has been captured by Tippu Sultan, who ruled from 1750-99. During the first half of the 19th century, the city has been under British rule. Tiruvannamalai is located 185 km (115 mi) to the state capital Chennai and 210 km (130 mi) of Bangalore. The height of the Annamalai hill is approximately 2,669 ft (814 m).
Tiruvannamalai is a town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The city is administered by a special quality municipality which covers an area of 16.33 km2 (6.31 sq mi).  It is the administrative headquarters of Tiruvannamalai district. The roads are the main mode of transportation of Tiruvannamalai, while the city also has a rail connectivity. Chennai International Airport is the nearest airport national and international of the city. Tiruvannamalai is named after the central deity of the Temple Annamalaiyar, Annamalaiyar. The Karthigai Deepam festival is celebrated during the day of the full moon between November and December, and a huge beacon light is on the top of the hill Annamalai. The event is attended by three million pilgrims. The day before each full moon, the pilgrims will bypass the temple of basis and the Annamalai hills in a cult called Girivalam, a practice carried out by a million pilgrims each year.
Located on the foothills of the Annamalai hills, Tiruvannamalai has been governed by the Pallavas, the medieval city the Cholas, the later the Cholas, Hoysalas, the Vijayanagar Empire, the kingdom: Carnatic, Tipu Sultan, and the British. He has served as the capital of the Hoysalas. The city is built around the Temple Annamalaiyar like other capitals Nayak. Tiruvannamalai is administered by a special-grade a municipality incorporated 1886. Tiruvannamalai has an average altitude of 200 meters (660 ft) and experiences a hot and humid climate. Since a city of pilgrimage, most of the people are employed in the sector teritiary. There are 25 elementary schools, nine secondary schools and 18 schools of higher secondary schools, four arts & sciences colleges, a government medical college and four engineering colleges in the city.
Pancha Bhoota Stalas
the Annamalaiyar temple is one of the Pancha Bhoota Stalas, or five Shiva temples, with each manifestation of a natural element: earth, water, air, the sky or a fire. In Annamalaiyar temple, Shiva is said have manifested itself as a huge column of fire, including the Crown and the feet could not be found by the Hindu gods, Brahma and Vishnu. Aathara Stala are Shiva temples which are regarded as personifications of the Tantra chakras of human anatomy. The Annamalaiyar temple is called Manipooraga stalam, and is associated with the Manipooraga chakra. The temple is revered in Tevaram, the Tamil Saiva canon and classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam, one of the 276 temples that find mention in the Saiva canon.
the most important festival of the Annamalaiyar temple is celebrated during the Tamil month of Karthikai, between the months of November and December, conclude with the celebration of Karthikai Deepam. A huge fire is lit in a cauldron, containing three tonnes of ghee, on top of the Annamalai hills during the Deepam. To mark the occasion, the festival of Annamalaiyar deity circumambulates the mountain. Inscriptions indicate that the festival was celebrated of the Chola period (850- 1280) and has been expanded to ten days in the twentieth century.
Each full moon, tens of thousands of pilgrims worship Annamalaiyar by circumambulating the Annamalai hill barefoot. The circumambulation covers a distance of 14 kilometers (8.7 miles), and is mentioned as Girivalam. According to the Hindu legend, the promenade removes sins, fulfils his desires and allows you to achieve freedom from the cycle of birth and of the renaissance. The bids are made in a string of tanks, sanctuaries, pillared meditation halls, the springs and caves around the hill.


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latitude : 12.990005490 longitude :80.169296260
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  • The hill is called Sampathgiri. The main deity is the Swayambhu Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy facing south toward Thiruvannamalai along with Kanagavalli Thayar. Sage Pulathia Brahma worshipped here. Achutha Thasar, Sri Gnanananda Vittoba".  Will be supplemented the Complete Works and meditated in a cave. 2 Water Jets (sunais) are present. Anjaneyar There is a shrine of the base of the hill, and there are 840 steps to climb.



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