Veerapandiya Kattabomman Memorial Fort

 

Overview

Panchalankurichi, is a small but historic village around 70km from Tirunelveli and18 km from Tuticorin. From here the great warrior Katta Bomman popularly known as 'Veerapandiya Kattabomman' raised his voice against the British regime in the 17th Century A.D. 
 
Even our maps seem to have relegated Panchalankuruchi to a non-highlighted region so much so that one has to search for the location. The one recent recognition was the commemorative stamp brought in 1999 to mark his 200th death anniversary!!! 
 
The existing memorial fort was constructed in 1974, by the Government of Tamil Nadu. The memorial Hall, have beautiful paintings on the walls depicting the heroic deeds of the saga which gives a good idea about the history of the period. Sri Devi Jakkammal Temple, the hereditary Goddess of Kattabomman, is located near the fort. A cemetery of British soldiers are also seen near the fort. The remnants of the old fort is protected by the Archaeological Survey of India. At Kayatar, near Tirunelveli the place where he was hanged, there is another memorial for Kattabomman. The British gave the sentence of death by hanging Kattabomman and others on charges of treason.
 
Once during a hunting expedition, Kattabomman was a witness to a remarkable incident that led to the building of the fort and the emergence of Panchalankuruchi. Several dogs chased a hare, which had to run for its life. However, suddenly, the hare stopped, turned back and in a daring incident, gave the hounds a chase. 
 
Stunned by this event, it struck Kattabomman that this land had special powers and to inspire its people to lead a brave life decided to build the fort in this very same area and named it Panchalankuruchi, after his grand father Panchalan. 
In October 1799, Veerapandiya Kattabomman was brought to the British camp in Kayathar and in what is widely believe to have been an unfair trial he was sentenced to death and hanged from a tree on the morning of 16th October 1799.And thus came to an end the life of possibly the bravest freedom fighter that Tamil Nadu has seen and one who continues to be an inspiration to this day. Even on that morning with death knocking on his doors, it is believed that Veerapandiya Kattabomman did not flinch an eyelid and walked to the tree with his head held high.
 

Veerapandiya Kattabomma Karuthayya Nayakkar (also known as Kattabomman) was a courageous 18th-century Palayakarrar ('Polygar') chieftain from Panchalankurichi of Tamil Nadu, India. He is the first person to against british. His ancestors migrated to Tamil Nadu from Kandukur area of Prakasam district in present day Andhra Pradesh during the Vijayanagara period. Also known as Kattabomma Nayakkar he was among the earliest to oppose British rule in these regions. He waged a war with the British six decades before the Indian War of Independence occurred in the Northern parts of India. He was captured and hanged in 1799 CE. His fort was destroyed and his wealth was looted by the British army. Today his native village Panchalankurichi in present day Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu is a historically important site. Some polygars families also migrated to vedal village in Kanchipuram District, India.

 

Kattabomman refused to accept the sovereignty of British East India Company, In 1799, he was captured by the British and hanged at Kayattar in Tirunelveli District,

When he was betrayed along with six other veerars by the then ruler of the kingdom of Pudukottai Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman to the British on 1 October 1799,Kattabomman was subsequently arrested by the British and brought to a building at Kayathar. He was then interrogated by the British till 16 October 1799,where he was sentenced to public hanging at about 10am on the 16th October 1799.

 
Air : The nearest airport to Tuticorin is at Madurai.
 
Rail  There is a railway station at Tuticorin.
 
Road : Tuticorin is a main port city of India and is well connected by road with the important cities and towns of south India. Regular buses are available from Tuticorin to Panchalankurichi.
 
 
 
 
 

Location

Country
India
State
Tamil Nadu
City
Tuticorin
Location
Kayathar
Address
Kattabomman Memorial Fort, Panchalankurichi, Tuticorin, Tamilnadu.
Contact Info
Phone:
Mobile :
Fax :
Near Cities
Nearest Bus Terminal
Kayathar
Nearest Railway Station
Kovilpatti (CVP)
Nearest Airport
Tuticorin Southwest Airport
IN
latitude : 8.724240303 longitude :78.025802610
Corporation :
GPS Code : VO80
Open Year
1974,
Area
30acre
Dedicated To
Government of Tamil Nadu
Visiting Hours
8.00am to 1.00pm and 2.00pm to 6.00pm.

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